Microsoft Philippines invited us to an event where they had unveiled the results of a Computer Security Study conducted by its Security Forensics team on counterfeit software, which had revealed that nearly 7 in 10 computers running counterfeit software in Southeast Asia are infected with dangerous malware, including newly-bought branded PCs.
The said analysis was conducted on samples from Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
This is an interesting and informative read, check out the press release below:
Microsoft Study: Nearly 7 in 10 Computers Running Counterfeit Software in Southeast Asia also Infected with Dangerous Malware
Forensic research finds Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, and Samsung computers among those affected
Philippines— February 25, 2013 — Microsoft today unveiled details of a forensic study on malware threats that examined name-brand PCs with pirated software installed, as well as counterfeit software DVDs, sourced from Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The study, which extends research originally conducted in December 2012, examined a total of 282 computers and DVDs—more than double the original sample—and found an average malware infection rate of 69%, an increase of six points over the preliminary study.
Findings from Microsoft’s Security Forensics team further revealed pirated copies of Windows embedded with malware spread across numerous well-known PC brands, including: Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, and Samsung. Microsoft believes that neither the counterfeit images nor the malware originated from—or were installed by—the individual PC manufacturers. Rather, the computers were likely shipped with non-Windows operating systems, which were later replaced by individuals in the downstream supply chain or retail channel who deal in the illegal duplication and distribution of pirated software.
“Many people assume that buying a name-brand PC is all that’s required to guarantee a good and safe computing experience. They don’t think twice about the software sold with the computer, and whether or not it’s pirated,” said Keshav Dhakad, Microsoft’s director of Intellectual Property for Asia Pacific and Japan. “But consumers need to beware: while they might think there are great deals to be had by looking the other way, the hidden cost of pirated software is significant, and contrary to popular belief, can’t be remedied by simply running anti-virus software. If a consumer can’t verify that the computer they purchased was shipped with a pre-installed, genuine copy of Windows, their risk of exposure to viruses and spyware—and the potential for data corruption, theft, and financial loss—increases exponentially.”
According to Microsoft’s study, infection rates of pirated software varied significantly across Southeast Asia: the Philippines surfaced at 42%, a full two out of every five computers and DVDs tested was infected. In Vietnam, malware was found on 66% of the pirated DVDs and a full 92% of hard drives tested.
In total, Microsoft’s testing revealed 5,601 instances and 1,131 unique strains of malware and virus infections in its Southeast Asia sample—including the highly dangerous “Zeus” trojan.
Zeus is a password-stealing trojan known to use “keylogging” and other mechanisms to monitor people’s online activity. Keyloggers record a user’s every keystroke in order to steal personal information, including account usernames and passwords. Criminals use this information to steal victims’ identities, withdraw money from their bank accounts, make online purchases using victim’s personal information and access other private accounts. According to the RSA 2012 Cybercrime Trends Report, the Zeus trojan alone is estimated to have caused more than US$1 billion in global losses in the last five years.
Philippine Computer Emergency Response Team (PHCERT) President Lito Averia said, “To keep information safe from cybercriminals, people need to think twice about where they buy PCs. As shown in this study, many unscrupulous retailers in Southeast Asia are selling big name PC brands to consumers with counterfeit, infected software. It’s important to remember that if you don’t know where your digital products come from, you never know what unwanted and dangerous nemeses come along for the ride.” PHCERT is a non-profit organization that aims to provide reliable and trusted point of contact for computers, Internet and other information technology related emergencies.
Atty. Ricardo Blancaflor, Director General of the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL), noted that “while the Philippines has the lowest rate of malicious software: at 42%, it doesn’t mean that we should put our guards down. Instead, we should continue to be vigilant against pirated software as it is not only discouraging local innovation but as the studies have shown, it is detrimental to office operations.”
How to avoid the hidden cost of software piracy
Microsoft advises consumers to take the following steps to avoid the inadvertent purchase of pirated software:
- When purchasing a new PC, always ask for a genuine, pre-installed operating system.
- Buy from a trusted reseller and avoid deals that seem “too good to be true.”
- Ensure all software purchases come in their original packaging.
- When buying a PC with Windows, look for the genuine label and Certificate of Authenticity that Microsoft requires be affixed to all PCs on which Windows is pre-installed. As a further check after purchase, log on to www.howtotell.comto confirm the label is authentic.
Customers who suspect they’ve received pirated or counterfeit software are encouraged to report it at www.microsoft.com/piracy. Customers who report suspected violations can provide valuable insights and have a positive impact in the fight against piracy. Microsoft takes every lead seriously in its effort to ensure a safe digital community for all. Since 2007, the company has received more than 10,000 piracy reports from within Southeast Asia—many from people who bought a name-brand PC, paying more money to get “the real thing,” but ending up with far greater risk and liability at the hands of counterfeiters.